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商务部世贸司负责人解读《贸易便利化协定》条款

FABUSHIJIAN:2017-03-08 17:03:26

政策原文:

  2013NIAN12YUE,SHIMAOZUZHIBALIBUZHANGJIHUIYISHANGTONGGUOLE《MAOYIBIANLIHUAXIEDING》。2014NIAN11YUEDI,SHIMAOZUZHITONGGUOYOUGUANYIDINGSHU,JIAOYOUGECHENGYUANLVXINGGUONEIHEZHUNCHENGXU。JINGGUOWUYUANPIZHUN,WOGUOYU2015NIAN9YUE4RIXIANGSHIMAOZUZHITIJIAOPIZHUNSHU。2017NIAN2YUE22RI,SUIZHELUWANGDA、AMAN、ZHADEYIJIYUEDANDENG4GECHENGYUANXIANGWTOTIJIAOPIZHUNSHU,YIYOU112GECHENGYUANJIESHOUGAIXIEDING,CHAOGUOLE《WTOXIEDING》GUIDINGDESANFENZHIERCHENGYUANJIESHOUDESHENGXIAOTIAOJIAN,XIEDINGZHENGSHISHENGXIAO。

  一、《协定》的主要内容

  《XIEDING》GONGFENWEISANDABUFEN,24GETIAOKUAN。DIYIBUFEN(DI1ZHI12TIAO)GUIDINGLEGECHENGYUANZAIMAOYIBIANLIHUAFANGMIANDESHIZHIXINGYIWU,SHEJIXINXIGONGBU、YUCAIDING、HUOWUFANGXINGYUJIEGUAN、HAIGUANHEZUODENGNEIRONG,GONG40XIANGMAOYIBIANLIHUACUOSHI。

  DIERBUFEN(DI13ZHI22TIAO)GUIDINGLEFAZHANZHONGCHENGYUANZAISHISHI《XIEDING》DIYIBUFENTIAOKUANFANGMIANKEXIANGSHOUDETESHUHECHABIEDAIYU,ZHUYAOTIXIANZAISHISHIQIHENENGLIJIANSHELIANGGEFANGMIAN。GENJUXIEDING,FAZHANZHONGGUOJIAKEZAIDIYIBUFENTIAOKUANZHONGZIXINGQUEDINGZAI《XIEDING》SHENGXIAOHOULIJISHISHIDETIAOKUAN(JIALEICUOSHI)、JINGGUOYIDINGGUODUQISHISHIDETIAOKUAN(JIBLEICUOSHI)HEJINGGUOYIDINGGUODUQIBINGTONGGUONENGLIJIANSHEHUODESHISHINENGLIHOUSHISHIDETIAOKUAN(JICLEICUOSHI),BINGXIANGWTOTONGBAO。

  DISANBUFEN(DI23ZHI24TIAO)SHEJIJIGOUANPAIHEZUIHOUTIAOKUAN,GUIDINGCHENGLIWTOMAOYIBIANLIHUAWEIYUANHUI,GECHENGYUANYINGCHENGLIGUOJIAMAOYIBIANLIHUAWEIYUANHUIHUOZHIDINGYIXIANYOUJIZHIYICUJIN《XIEDING》DEGUONEIXIEDIAOHESHISHI,YIJI《XIEDING》SHIYONGZHENGDUANJIEJUEJIZHI。

  二、协定主要条款解读

  (一)贸易法规透明度相关条款(第1-5条)。

  1、XINXIDEGONGBUHEKEHUODE(DI1TIAO)。《XIEDING》GUIDINGCHENGYUANYINGYIFEIQISHIHEYIHUOQUDEFANGSHIXUNSUGONGBUJINCHUKOUCHENGXUJIBIAOGEHEDANZHENG、GUANSHUIHESHUILV、JINCHUKOUGUIFEIHEFEIYONG、GUILEIHUOGUJIAGUIDING、YUANCHANDIGUIZEYOUGUANDEFALVFAGUIJIXINGZHENGCAIJUEDENGXINXI,TONGGUOHULIANWANGGONGBUJINCHUKOUCHENGXUDESHUOMING、JINCHUKOUSUOXUDEBIAOGEHEDANZHENG,SHELIZIXUNDIANHUIDAZHENGFUHEMAOYISHANGDEZIXUNDENG。

  MINGQUE、XIANGXIHEJISHIDIHUOQUXINXIDUIQIYELAISHUOKEJIANSHAOMAOYIZHONGDEBUQUEDINGYINSU,SHIQIYENENGGOUZHUNQUEDUIMAOYITIAOJIANJINXINGPANDUAN,DUIYUZHONGXIAOQIYEJUYOUGENGZHONGYAODEYIYI。ZAIYIWANGDEJINCHUKOUMAOYIZHONG,XIANGDUIDAQIYEERYAN,ZHONGXIAOQIYEWANGWANGHUIYINWEIREN、CAI、WUDENGFANGMIANDEBUZU,ZAIXINXIHUOQUFANGMIANCHUYUYIDINGLIESHI。FALVFAGUIXINXITOUMINGDUTIGAO,SHIDEZHONGXIAOQIYEGENGRONGYIHUODEXIANGGUANXINXI。

  2、MAOYIFAGUIDETIQIANGONGBUYUPINGLUN(DI2TIAO)。《XIEDING》GUIDINGCHENGYUANZAIFALVFAGUISHENGXIAOQIANYINGJINZAOGONGBUBINGJIYUMAOYISHANGPINGLUNJIHUI(GUANSHUISHUILVBIANGENGJITIQIANGONGBUHUIYINGXIANGSHISHIXIAOLIDECUOSHICHUWAI),BIANJINGJIGOUYINGYUMAOYISHANGDINGQIJINXINGCUOSHANG。

  XINZHIDINGHUOXIUDINGDEMAOYIFAGUITIQIANGONGBU,SHIMAOYISHANGNENGGOUTIQIANZHIXIAO,YOUZHUYUMAOYISHANGJISHIDUIQIMAOYIXINGWEIHECELVEZUOCHUBIYAODIAOZHENG,JINERJIANGYINMAOYIFAGUIDIAOZHENGSUOCHANSHENGDEBULIYINGXIANGJIANGZHIZUIDI,ZENGQIANGLEMAOYIFAGUIDEKEYUJIANXING。ZAIXINZHIDINGHUOXIUDINGMAOYIFAGUIGUOCHENGZHONG,BIANJINGJIGOUTONGGUODINGQIYUMAOYISHANGJINXINGCUOSHANG,JIJITINGQUMAOYISHANGDEYIJIANHUOYAOQIU,YOUZHUYUYOUGUANMAOYIFAGUIDEZHIDINGHEZHIXINGNENGGOUGENGHAOFANYINGQIYEGUANZHU。

  3、YUCAIDING(DI3TIAO)。《XIEDING》GUIDINGCHENGYUANYINGZAIHUOWUJINKOUQIANJIUSHUIZEGUILEIJIYUANCHANDISHIXIANGZUOCHUYUCAIDING,GULICHENGYUANJIUWANSHUIJIAGE、GUANSHUIJIANMIANYAOQIUDESHIYONG、PEIESHIYONGDENGZUOCHUYUCAIDING。

  YUCAIDINGZHIDUTONGGUOJIANGTONGGUANSHENHEGUANKOU“QIANTUI”,ZAIHUOWUJINKOUQIAN,HAIGUANJIUKETONGGUOQIYEYUXIANTIJIAODECAILIAO,DUIHUOWUDEGUILEIHEYUANCHANDIDENGSHIXIANGZUOCHUCHUBUPINGGU,ZAIQIYESHIJIDAOHUOHOU,HAIGUANZHIXUJINXINGJIANDANHEDUIJIKE,YOUZHUYUJIANSHAOQIYETONGGUANSHIJIAN,TIGAOTONGGUANXIAOLV。

  4、SHENSUHUOSHENCHACHENGXU(DI4TIAO)。《XIEDING》GUIDINGCHENGYUANYINGYUNXUMAOYISHANGJIUHAIGUANXINGZHENGJUEDINGTICHUXINGZHENGSHENSUHUOSIFASHENCHAYAOQIU。RUSHENSUHUOSHENCHACHENGXUWEIZAICHENGYUANFALVHUOFAGUIGUIDINGDEQIXIANNEIZUOCHUHUOCHUXIANBUSHIDANGTUOYAN,MAOYISHANGYOUQUANXIANGXINGZHENGJIGUANHUOSIFAJIGUANJINYIBUSHANGSUHUOTICHUSHENCHAYAOQIU。

  JULEJIE,MUQIANWOQIYEJIAOSHAOSHIYONGJINKOUGUODESHENSUHUOSIFASHENCHAJIZHI,ERGENGDUOSHICAIQU“ZHAOGUANXI”DECHUANTONGZUOFALAIJIEJUEWENTI。ZAI《XIEDING》SHISHIHOU,DANGWOGUOCHUKOUHUOWUZAIGUOWAIZAOYUBUHELIDUIDAISHI,WOQIYEKEYIYUNYONGFALVSHOUDUANWEIHUZISHENDEHEFAQUANYI。

  5、ZENGQIANGGONGZHENGXING、FEIQISHIXINGJITOUMINGDUDEQITACUOSHI(DI5TIAO)。BAOKUOJIAQIANGDUICHENGYUANFABUJIAYANJINKOUSHIPINANQUANJIANCHATONGZHIDEJILV,HAIGUANHUOQITAZHUGUANJIGUANKOULIUHUOWUSHIYINGLIJITONGZHICHENGYUNSHANGHUOJINKOUSHANG,RUSHOUCIJIANYANBUHEGEYINGJIYUJINKOUSHANGERCIJIANYANJIHUIDENG。

  GECHENGYUANZHENDUIJINKOUSHIPIN、NONGHUANGJIAMAIQIUAPPPUBIANCAIQUYANGEERFANSUODEJIANYANJIANYICHENGXU,QIEJIANYANXIANGMUDUO,JIANYANPINLVGAO,DADAZENGJIATONGGUANSHIJIANJIJIANYAN、CANGCHUDENGTONGGUANCHENGBEN,XUERUOLEJINKOUNONGHUANGJIAMAIQIUAPPJISHIPINDEJINGZHENGLI。《XIEDING》TONGGUOJIAQIANGYOUGUANFANGMIANDEJILV,RUYAOQIUJINKOUGUOJIAQIANGJIANCHAXUYIFENGXIANPINGGUWEIYIJU,JINSHIYONGYUTEDINGRUJINGDIDIAN,QIEZAIQINGXINGBIANHUAHUOFENGXIANBUFUCUNZAIHOUYINGYICAIYONGDUIMAOYIJUYOUJIAOXIAOXIANZHIZUOYONGDEFANGSHIHUOXUNSUZHONGZHIDENG。ZAISHOUCIJIANYANBUHEGEDEQINGKUANGXIA,JINGSHENQING,MAOYISHANGKEHUODEERCIJIANYANDEJIHUI,DUIYUMAOYISHANGWEIHUZISHENHEFAQUANYIJUYOUSHIZHIYIYI。

  (二)进出口规费和手续相关条款(第6条)。

  1、GUANYUDUIJINCHUKOUSHOUFEIDEYIBANJILV。XIEDINGGUIDING,CHULEGUANSHUIHEGUONEISHUIWAI,CHENGYUANDUIJINCHUKOUZHENGSHOUDEGUIFEIHEFEIYONGDEYOUGUANXINXIYINGYUGONGBU,BINGZAIGONGBUYUSHENGXIAOZHIJIANLIUCHUGUODUQI,YINGDUISHOUFEIJINXINGDINGQISHENYI,YIJIANSHAOSHOUFEIDESHULIANGHEZHONGLEI。DUIBANLIHAIGUANYEWUSUOSHOUQUDEFEIYONGYINGXIANDINGZAISUOTIGONGFUWUDEJINSICHENGBENNEI。

  SHANGSHUNEIRONGYOUZHUYUMAOYISHANGJISHILEJIEJINCHUKOUSHOUFEIDESHULIANG、ZHONGLEI、ZHIFUSHIJIANHEFANGSHIDENGNEIRONG,GENGHAODIDUIMAOYIXINGWEIJINXINGGUIHUA。TONGSHI《XIEDING》HAIYAOQIUDUIBANLIHAIGUANYEWUSUOSHOUQUDEFEIYONGYINGXIANDINGZAISUOTIGONGFUWUDEJINSICHENGBENNEI,JIANGBIMIANHAIGUANLUANSHOUFEIXIANXIANG,YOUZHUYUQIYEJINYIBUJIANGDIMAOYICHENGBEN。

  2、GUANYUCHUFAJILV。《XIEDING》YAOQIUCHENGYUANHAIGUANZUOCHUDECHUFAYINGYUWEIFACHENGDUHEYANZHONGXINGXIANGFU,CHUFADERENDINGHEFAJINSHOUQUFANGMIANYINGBIMIANCHANSHENGLIYICHONGTUHUOXINGCHENGYIZHONGDUIHAIGUANGUANYUANDEJILI。HAIGUANZAIZUOCHUCHUFASHI,YINGXIANGBEICHUFARENTIGONGSHUMIANSHUOMING,LIEMINGWEIFAXINGZHIHESUOSHIYONGDEFALV、FAGUIHUOCHENGXU。RUBEICHUFARENZAIHAIGUANFAXIANQIANZHUDONGPILUWEIFAQINGJIE,《XIEDING》ZEGULIHAIGUANJIANQINGCHUFA。

  SHANGSHUNEIRONGYOUZHUYUZENGQIANGHAIGUANCHUFAXINGWEIDEGUIFANHUAHETOUMINGDU,WEIHUMAOYISHANGDEHEFAQUANYI。《XIEDING》GUANYUGULIHAIGUANJIANQINGCHUFADENEIRONG,YEYOUZHUTUIDONGMAOYISHANGCHENGXINSHOUFA。

  (三)货物的放行与清关(第7条)。

  《XIEDING》GUIDINGCHENGYUANYINGYUNXUJINKOUSHANGZAIHUOWUDIDAQIANBANLICANGDANDENGJINKOUDANZHENGTIJIAOYEWU,YIBIANHUOWUZAIDIDAHOUNENGGOUKUAISUFANGXING。RUHUOWUDEGUANSHUI、FEIYONGDENGZANSHIWUFAQUEDING,ZAIMAOYISHANGTIGONGDANBAODEQIANTIXIA,HAIGUANKEYUYIXIANFANGXING。CHENGYUANYINGCAIYONGFENGXIANGUANLIHEHUOWUJICHADENGGUANLICUOSHI。GULICHENGYUANGONGBUPINGJUNFANGXINGSHIJIAN。DUIJINGRENZHENGDEJINGYINGZHE(MANZUTEDINGBIAOZHUNDEMAOYISHANG,KEBAOKUOJUYOULIANGHAOSHOUFAJILU、YONGYOULIANGHAODENEIBUKONGZHIJILUGUANLIXITONGHECAIWUCHANGFUNENGLIDENG)JIYUTONGGUANBIANLI,RUJIANGDIDANZHENGHESHUJUYAOQIU、JIANGDICHAYANBILI、JIAKUAIFANGXINGDENG。DUITONGGUOHANGKONGYUNSHURUJINGDEKUAIYUNHUOWUZAIMANZUYIDINGTIAOJIANDEQINGKUANGXIA(RUHUOWUDIDAQIANYITIJIAOFANGXINGSUOXUXINXI、KUAIYUNQIYETONGGUOSHIYONGNEIBUANBAOHEZHUIZONGJISHUDUIHUOWUBAOCHIGAODUKONGZHI、YONGYOULIANGHAOSHOUFAJILUDENG),JIYUTONGGUANBIANLI,BAOKUOJIANSHAOJINKOUDANZHENGYAOQIU、JINKUAIFANGXINGYIJIDUIYUWEILIANGHUOZHIDEHUOWUMIANZHENGGUANSHUIHEGUONEISHUIDENG。DUIYUYIFUHUOWU(ZHUYAOWEIXIANHUONONGHUANGJIAMAIQIUAPP)YUYIYOUXIANCHAYAN,BINGZAIZUIDUANSHIJIANFANGXING。

  CONGMAOYISHANGDEJIAODUKAN,HUODAOQIANSHENBAO,YIJIHUOWUFANGXINGYUJIUGUANSHUI、SHOUFEIJIFEIYONGZUOCHUJUEDINGYIJIFEIYONGZHIFUDENGHUANJIEFENLI(PINGBAOFANGXING),JUNWEIHAIGUANYOUHUATONGGUANFUWUDEZHONGYAOTIXIAN,YOUZHUYUJIASUHUOWUDIDAHOUDEQINGGUANHEFANGXING,JIANGDIMAOYISHANGDEMAOYICHENGBEN,SUODUANJIAOHUOSHIJIAN。

  DUIHAIGUANDENGKOUANGUANLIBUMENERYAN,TONGGUOSHISHIFENGXIANGUANLIHEHOUXUJICHA,SHIXIANJIANGJIANGUANHUANJIE“QIANTUIHOUYI”,YOUZHUYUTIGAOSHIJIJIANGUANXIAOLV。

  (四)进出口手续(第10条)。

  XIANGGUANNEIRONGBAOKUOJIANSHAOHEJIANHUAJINCHUKOUSHOUXUHEDANZHENGYAOQIU、JIESHOUJINCHUKOUZHENGMINGDANZHENGFUBEN、GULICHENGYUANZAIZHIDINGJINCHUKOUSHOUXUHEDANZHENGSHIYIGUOJIBIAOZHUNWEIYIJU、NULISHELIDANYICHUANGKOU(YIDIANTIJIAOHEYIDIANFANKUI)、QUXIAOYUSHUIZEGUILEIHEGUJIAYOUGUANDEZHUANGYUNQIANJIANYAN、BUDEQIANGZHIYAOQIUSHIYONGHAIGUANDAILIDENG。

  FANZADETONGGUANWENJIANYAOQIUBIRANDAOZHITONGGUANSHIJIANDEYANZHANGHEQIYEMAOYICHENGBENDEZENGJIA,JIANHUAJINCHUKOUSHOUXUHEDANZHENGYAOQIU,YOUZHUYUJIANSHAOHUOWUDEZHILIUSHIJIAN,JIANGDIJIAOYICHENGBEN,ZENGJIASHANGYEJIHUI。DANYICHUANGKOUDEJIANLI,JIANGYOUXIAOTIGAOKOUANJIANGUANBUMENZHIJIANDEXIEZUOCHENGDU,YEJIANGJIDABIANLIQIYE,JIANSHAOTONGGUANSHIJIAN。

  (五)过境自由(第11条)

  《XIEDING》GUIDINGCHENGYUANGUOJINGYUNSHUFAGUIHUOCHENGXUBUDEGOUCHENGBIANXIANGXIANZHI,BUDEXUNQIURENHEZIYUANXIANZHI,GUOJINGFEIYONGYINGYUSUOTIGONGFUWUDECHENGBENXIANGDANG,SHOUXUHEDANZHENGYAOQIUBUDECHAOGUOBIYAOXIANDU,BUDEDUIGUOJINGHUOWUSHIYONGJISHUFAGUIHEHEGEPINGDINGCHENGXUDENG。

  (六)海关合作(第12条)

  《XIEDING》ZHUYAOGUIDINGLEGEWTOCHENGYUANHAIGUANYINGJIUJIAOHUANHAIGUANSHENBAOXINXIKAIZHANHEZUO,BIANLIDUISHENBAOXINXIDEHESHI。

  XINXIJIAOHUANDENEIRONGBAOKUOJINKOUHUOCHUKOUSHENBAOZHONGSUOLIEJUTIXINXI,LIRUSHANGYEFAPIAO、ZHUANGXIANGDAN、YUANCHANDIZHENGSHUYIJITIDAN。SHENQINGFANGXUZUNSHOUBEISHENQINGFANGGUANYUXINXIBAOHUHESHANGYEMIMIBAOHUDENGYAOQIU;BEISHENQINGFANGYOUQUANCHUYUGONGGONGLIYIHUOGUONEIFALVYAOQIUERJUJUETIGONGXINXI。